Sex education 2.0

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Sex education may be taught informally, such as when someone receives information from a conversation with a parent, friend, religious leader, or through the media. It may also be delivered through sex self-help authors, magazine advice columnistssex columnists, or sex education websites. Training can also be provided through multimedia resources. Adolescents spend a lot of their time on social media or watching television. Those same adolescents may also have a hard time talking to their families about sexual matters. A study has shown that mass media interventions; for example, the use of teaching sexual education through commercials shown on television, or ads on social media, have proven effective and decreased the amount of unprotected sex. Formal sex education occurs when schools or health care providers offer sex education. Slyer stated that sex education teaches the young person what he or she should know for his or her conduct and relationship with others. Gruenberg also stated that sex education is necessary to prepare the young for the task ahead. According to him, officials generally agree that some kind of planned sex education is necessary.

Sometimes formal sex education is taught as a full course as part of the curriculum in junior high school or high school. Other times it is only one unit within a more broad biologyhealthhome economics, or physical education class. Some schools offer no sex education since it remains a controversial issue in several countries, particularly the United States (especially about the age at which children should start receiving such education, the amount of detail that is revealed, including LGBT sex education, and topics dealing with human sexual behavior, e.g. safe sex practices, masturbationpremarital sex, and sexual ethics).

Wilhelm Reich commented that sex education of his time was a work of deception, focusing on biology while concealing excitement-arousal, which is what a pubescent individual is mostly interested in. Reich added that this emphasis obscures what he believed to be a basic psychological principle: that all worries and difficulties originate from unsatisfied sexual impulses. Leepson asserted that the majority of people favor some sort of sex instruction in public schools, and this has become an intensely controversial issue because, unlike most subjects, sex education is concerned with an especially sensitive and highly personal part of human life. He suggested that sex education should be taught in the classroom. The problem of pregnancy in adolescents is delicate and difficult to assess using sex education. But Calderone[who?] believed otherwise, stating that the answer to adolescents’ sexual woes and pregnancy can not lie primarily in school programs which at best can only be remedial; what is needed is prevention education, and as such parents should be involved.

When sex education is contentiously debated, the chief controversial points are whether covering child sexuality is valuable or detrimental; whether LGBT sex education should be integrated into the curriculum; the use of birth control such as condoms and hormonal contraception; and the impact of such use on pregnancy outside marriage, teenage pregnancy, and the transmission of STIs. Increasing support for abstinence-only sex education by conservative groups has been one of the primary causes of this controversy. Countries with conservative attitudes towards sex education (including the UK and the U.S.) have a higher incidence of STIs and teenage pregnancy.

Sex education isn’t a single tell-all discussion. Instead, take advantage of everyday opportunities to discuss sex.

If there’s a pregnancy in the family, for example, tell your child that babies grow in a special place inside the mother called the uterus. If your child wants more details on how the baby got there or how the baby will be born, provide those details.

Consider these examples:

  • How do babies get inside a mommy’s tummy? You might say, “A mom and a dad make a baby by holding each other in a special way.”
  • How are babies born? For some kids, it might be enough to say, “Doctors and nurses help babies who are ready to be born.” If your child wants more details, you might say, “Usually a mom pushes the baby out of her vagina.”
  • Why doesn’t everyone have a penis? Try a simple explanation, such as, “Boys’ bodies and girls’ bodies are made differently.”
  • Why do you have hair down there? Simplicity often works here, too. You might say, “Our bodies change as we get older.” If your child wants more details, add, “Boys grow hair near their penises, and girls grow hair near their vaginas.”

As your child matures and asks more-detailed questions, you can provide more-detailed responses. Answer specific questions using correct terminology.

Even if you’re uncomfortable, forge ahead. Remember, you’re setting the stage for open, honest discussions in the years to come.

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Sex education

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Information about sex and sexual relationships that adults teach to young peopleespecially in school. Sex education is a broad term used to describe education about human sexual anatomy, sexual reproduction, sexual intercourse, and other aspects of human sexual behavior.

Sex education is telling people about sexual intercourse. Usually, parents tell their children when they reach puberty. This usually includes things like how to make babies, how to protect against unwanted pregnancies, and how not to get any of the sexually transmitted diseases there are. In many cultures speaking about sex or sexual education is a taboo.

Some level of sex education is also done in school; in many places, the government passed laws that say that sex education must be done in school. Some parts of sex education vary by culture, e.g. the moral and ethic aspects.

Sex education is the instruction of issues relating to human sexuality, including emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, age of consent, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control and sexual abstinence.

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What is Sex?

Sex refers to the biological differences between males and females, such as the genitalia and genetic differences. “Gender” is more difficult to define, but it can refer to the role of a male or female in society, known as a gender role, or an individual’s concept of themselves, or gender identity.

Historically, the terms “sex” and “gender” have been used interchangeably, but their uses are becoming increasingly distinct, and it is important to understand the differences between the two.

Sex means different things to different people. Above all, it is a healthy and natural activity.  It is something most people enjoy and find meaningful even if they create meaning in different ways.

Whether you are straight, lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer or questioning, you have the right to decide what sex means to you.

Are you unsure about your sexual interests? Are you curious about what you might enjoy? Are you wondering if you are ready for sex? These kinds of questions are perfectly normal!

Sex is not just vaginal* intercourse. Sex is pretty much anything that feels sexual. How YOU choose to define sex might be a moving target during your teen years. Your sexual interests may change over time, and that’s okay too.

One of the basic properties of life is reproduction, the capacity to generate new individuals, and sex is an aspect of this process. Life has evolved from simple stages to more complex ones, and so have the reproduction mechanisms. Initially the reproduction was a replicating process that consists in producing new individuals that contain the same genetic information as the original or parent individual. This mode of reproduction is called asexual, and it is still used by many species, particularly unicellular, but it is also very common in multicellular organisms, including many of those with sexual reproduction. In sexual reproduction, the genetic material of the offspring comes from two different individuals. Bacteria reproduce asexually, but undergo a process by which a part of the genetic material of an individual donor is transferred to another recipient.

Disregarding intermediates, the basic distinction between asexual and sexual reproduction is the way in which the genetic material is processed. Typically, prior to an asexual division, a cell duplicates its genetic information content, and then divides. This process of cell division is called mitosis. In sexual reproduction, there are special kinds of cells that divide without prior duplication of its genetic material, in a process named meiosis. The resulting cells are called gametes, and contain only half the genetic material of the parent cells. These gametes are the cells that are prepared for the sexual reproduction of the organism. Sex comprises the arrangements that enable sexual reproduction, and has evolved alongside the reproduction system, starting with similar gametes (isogamy) and progressing to systems that have different gamete types, such as those involving a large female gamete (ovum) and a small male gamete (sperm).

In complex organisms, the sex organs are the parts that are involved in the production and exchange of gametes in sexual reproduction. Many species, both plants and animals, have sexual specialization, and their populations are divided into male and female individuals. Conversely, there are also species in which there is no sexual specialization, and the same individuals both contain masculine and feminine reproductive organs, and they are called hermaphrodites. This is very frequent in plants.

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Sexual reproduction

Sexual reproduction in eukaryotes is a process whereby organisms produce offspring that combine genetic traits from both parents. Chromosomes are passed on from one generation to the next in this process. Each cell in the offspring has half the chromosomes of the mother and half of the father.[25] Genetic traits are contained within the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of chromosomes—by combining one of each type of chromosomes from each parent, an organism is formed containing a doubled set of chromosomes. This double-chromosome stage is called “diploid“, while the single-chromosome stage is “haploid“. Diploid organisms can, in turn, form haploid cells (gametes) that randomly contain one of each of the chromosome pairs, via meiosis.[26] Meiosis also involves a stage of chromosomal crossover, in which regions of DNA are exchanged between matched types of chromosomes, to form a new pair of mixed chromosomes. Crossing over and fertilization (the recombining of single sets of chromosomes to make a new diploid) result in the new organism containing a different set of genetic traits from either parent.

In many organisms, the haploid stage has been reduced to just gametes specialized to recombine and form a new diploid organism. In plants the diploid organism produces haploid spores that undergo cell division to produce multicellular haploid organisms known as gametophytes that produce haploid gametes at maturity. In either case, gametes may be externally similar, particularly in size (isogamy), or may have evolved an asymmetry such that the gametes are different in size and other aspects (anisogamy). By convention, the larger gamete (called an ovum, or egg cell) is considered female, while the smaller gamete (called a spermatozoon, or sperm cell) is considered male. An individual that produces exclusively large gametes is female, and one that produces exclusively small gametes is male. An individual that produces both types of gametes is a hermaphrodite; in some cases hermaphrodites are able to self-fertilize and produce offspring on their own, without a second organism.

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Sexual Intercourses

Sexual intercourse may be called coituscopulationcoition, or intercourseCoitus is derived from the Latin word coitio or coire, meaning “a coming together or joining together” or “to go together”, and is known under different ancient Latin names for a variety of sexual activities, but usually denotes penile–vaginal penetration. This is often called vaginal intercourse or vaginal sex. Vaginal sex, and less often vaginal intercourse, may also denote any vaginal sexual activity, particularly if penetrative, including sexual activity between lesbian couples. Copulation, by contrast, more often denotes the mating process, especially for non-human animals; it can mean a variety of sexual activities between opposite-sex or same-sex pairings, but generally means the sexually reproductive act of transferring sperm from a male to a female or sexual procreation between a man and a woman.

Although sex and “having sex” also most commonly denote penile–vaginal intercourse, sex can be significantly broad in its meaning and may cover any penetrative or non-penetrative sexual activity between two or more people. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that non-English languages and cultures use different words for sexual activity, “with slightly different meanings”. Various vulgarismsslang, and euphemisms are used for sexual intercourse or other sexual activity, such as fuckshag, and the phrase “sleep together”. The laws of some countries use the euphemism “carnal knowledge.” Penetration of the vagina by the erect penis is additionally known as intromission, or by the Latin name immissio penis (Latin for “insertion of the penis”). The age of first sexual intercourse is called sexarche.

Vaginal, anal and oral sex are recognized as sexual intercourse more often than other sexual behaviors. Sexual activity that does not involve penile-vaginal sex or other sexual penetration might be used to retain virginity (sometimes called “technical virginity)” or labeled “outercourse”. One reason virginity loss is often based on penile–vaginal intercourse is because heterosexual couples may engage in anal or oral sex as a way of being sexually active while maintaining that they are virgins since they have not engaged in the reproductive act of coitus. Some gay men consider frotting or oral sex as a way of maintaining their virginities, with penile-anal penetration used as sexual intercourse and for virginity loss, while other gay men may consider frotting or oral sex as their main forms of sexual activity. Lesbians may categorize oral sex or fingering as sexual intercourse and subsequently an act of virginity loss, or tribadism as a primary form of sexual activity.

Researchers commonly use sexual intercourse to denote penile–vaginal intercourse while using specific words, such as anal sex or oral sex, for other sexual behaviors.[41] Scholars Richard M. Lerner and Laurence Steinberg state that researchers also “rarely disclose” how they conceptualize sex “or even whether they resolved potential discrepancies” in conceptualizations of sex. Lerner and Steinberg attribute researchers’ focus on penile–vaginal sex to “the larger culture’s preoccupation with this form of sexual activity,” and have expressed concern that the “widespread, unquestioned equation of penile–vaginal intercourse with sex reflects a failure to examine systematically ‘whether the respondent’s understanding of the question [about sexual activity] matches what the researcher had in mind'”. This focus can also relegate other forms of mutual sexual activity to foreplay or contribute to them not being regarded as “real sex”, and limits the meaning of rape. It may also be that conceptually conflating sexual activity with vaginal intercourse and sexual function hinders and limits information about sexual behavior that non-heterosexual people may be engaging in, or information about heterosexuals who may be engaging in non–vaginal sexual activity.

Studies regarding the meaning of sexual intercourse sometimes conflict. While most consider penile–vaginal intercourse to be sex, whether anal or oral intercourse are considered sex is more debatable, with oral sex ranking lowest. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stated that “although there are only limited national data about how often adolescents engage in oral sex, some data suggest that many adolescents who engage in oral sex do not consider it to be ‘sex’; therefore they may use oral sex as an option to experience sex while still, in their minds, remaining abstinent”. Upton et al. stated, “It is possible that individuals who engage in oral sex, but do not consider it as ‘sex’, may not associate the acts with the potential health risks they can bring.” In other cases, condom use is a factor, with some men stating that sexual activity involving the protection of a condom is not “real sex” or “the real thing”. This view is common among men in Africa, where sexual activity involving the protection of a condom is often associated with emasculation because condoms prevent direct penile–to–skin genital contact.

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If you were shy about talking about sex. You can simply follow these steps.

  • A simple place to start the chat is with yourself.
  • Take some time to privately explore all parts of your own body. While you are at it, think about what thoughts, fantasies and sensations feel good for you and how you might like to experience sexual pleasure with someone else.

Sex just doesn’t feel right for me.  Is that okay?

  • Yes, this is definitely ok. Only you can decide what feels right for you when it comes to sex.
  • You have the right to say no to sex. No one can or should force you to do something that doesn’t feel right.
  • If, for example, vaginal sex is not something you want to do, there are many other ways to explore your sexuality and enjoy a fun and loving relationship with someone else.
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  • Sexual activity is any activity that is considered sexual by the people who are involved. It can include the following activities and more:
    • vaginal sex
    • anal sex
    • hugging
    • kissing
    • any sexual touching
    • oral sex
    • exposing your body to another person
    • taking sexual pictures of another person
    • showing somebody pornographic images
    • and more!

How can we prevent obesity.

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What is obesity?


A disorder involving excessive body fat that increases the risk of health problems.
Obesity often results from taking in more calories than are burned by exercise and normal daily activities.


Very common
More than 10 million cases per year (India)


Usually self-treatable
Usually self-diagnosable
Lab tests or imaging not required
Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that it may have a negative effect on health.

People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person’s weight by the square of the person’s height—despite known allometric inaccuracies[a]—is over 30 kg/m2; the range 25–30 kg/m2 is defined as overweight.

Some East Asian countries use lower values. Obesity is correlated with various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.

High BMI is a marker of risk, but not proven to be a direct cause, for diseases caused by diet, physical activity, and environmental factors.

A reciprocal link has been found between obesity and depression, with obesity increasing the risk of clinical depression and also depression leading to a higher chance of developing obesity.

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Effects on body health due to obesity.

Excessive body weight is associated with various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus type 2, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis, and asthma.

As a result, obesity has been found to reduce life expectancy.

Improving eating habits and increasing physical activity play a vital role in preventing obesity. Recommendations for adults include:

Keep a food diary of what you ate, where you ate, and how you were feeling before and after you ate.

Eat 5 to 9 servings of fruits and vegetables daily. A vegetable serving is 1 cup of raw vegetables or 1/2 cup of cooked vegetables or vegetable juice. A fruit serving is 1 piece of small to medium fresh fruit, 1/2 cup of canned or fresh fruit or fruit juice, or 1/4 cup of dried fruit.

Choose whole grain foods, such as brown rice and whole wheat bread. Don’t eat highly processed foods made with refined white sugar, flour, high-fructose corn syrup and saturated fat.

Weigh and measure food to be able to learn correct portion sizes. For example, a 3-ounce serving of meat is the size of a deck of cards. Don’t order supersized menu items.

Learn to read food nutrition labels and use them, keep the number of portions you are really eating in mind.

Balance the food “checkbook.” If you eat more calories than you burn you will gain weight. Weigh yourself on a weekly basis.

Don’t eat foods that are high in “energy density,” or that have a lot of calories in a small amount of food. For example, an average cheeseburger with and order of fries can have as much as 1,000 calories and 30 or more grams of fat. By ordering a grilled chicken sandwich or a plain hamburger and a small salad with low-fat dressing, you can avoid hundreds of calories and eliminate much of the fat intake. For dessert, have a serving of fruit, yogurt, a small piece of angel food cake, or a piece of dark chocolate instead of frosted cake, ice cream, or pie.

Simply reducing portion sizes and using a smaller plate can help you lose weight.

Aim for an average of 60 to 90 minutes or more of moderate to intense physical activity 3 to 4 days each week. Examples of moderate intensity exercise are walking a 15-minute mile, or weeding and hoeing a garden. Running or playing singles tennis are examples of more intense activities.

Look for ways to get even 10 or 15 minutes of some type of activity during the day. Walking around the block or up and down a few flights of stairs is a good start.

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Prevention


Exercise regularly. You need to get 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity a week to prevent weight gain.


Follow a healthy-eating plan.


Know and avoid the food traps that cause you to eat.


Monitor your weight regularly.


Be consistent.

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Fight club

Plot

The Narrator, an automobile recall specialist, is unfulfilled by his job and possessions and suffers from chronic insomnia. To cure this he attends support groups, posing as a sufferer of diseases. His bliss is disturbed when another impostor, Marla Singer, begins attending the same groups. The two agree to split which groups they attend.

On a flight home from a business trip, the Narrator meets soap salesman Tyler Durden. The Narrator returns home to find his apartment and all his belongings have been destroyed by an explosion. Disheartened by his material loss, he calls Tyler and they meet at a bar. Tyler tells him he is trapped by consumerism. In the parking lot, he asks the Narrator to hit him, and they have a fistfight.

The Narrator moves into Tyler’s home, a large dilapidated house in an industrial area. They have further fights outside the bar, which attract growing crowds of men. The fights move to the bar’s basement where the men form Fight Club, which routinely meets.

Marla overdoses on pills and telephones the Narrator for help; he ignores her, but Tyler goes to her apartment to save her. They begin a sexual relationship, much to the Narrator’s irritation. Tyler warns the Narrator never to talk to Marla about him. The Narrator blackmails his boss for his company’s assets to support Fight Club and quits his job.

More new members join Fight Club, including Robert “Bob” Paulson, a man with testicular cancer whom the Narrator had met in a support group. Tyler then recruits their members to a new anti-materialist and anti-corporate organization, Project Mayhem, without the Narrator’s involvement. The group engages in subversive acts of vandalism, increasingly troubling the Narrator. After the Narrator complains that Tyler has excluded him, Tyler reveals that he was the one who caused the explosion at the Narrator’s condo.

When Paulson is killed by the police during a botched sabotage operation, the Narrator tries to halt the project. He follows a paper trail to cities Tyler had visited, discovering Project Mayhem has spread throughout the country. In one city, a project member addresses the Narrator as “Mr. Durden.” Confused, the Narrator calls Marla and discovers that she also believes he is Tyler. Tyler appears in his hotel room and reveals that they are dissociated personalities; the Narrator assumed the personality of Tyler when he believed he was sleeping.

The Narrator blacks out. When he returns to the house, he uncovers Tyler’s plans to erase debt by destroying buildings that contain credit card records. He apologizes to Marla and warns her that she is in danger, but she is tired of his contradictory behavior and refuses to listen. He tries to warn the police, but the officers are members of the Project. He attempts to disarm the explosives in one building, but Tyler subdues him.

With Tyler holding him at gunpoint on the top floor, the Narrator realizes that, as he and Tyler are the same person, the Narrator is holding the gun. He fires it into his own mouth, shooting through his cheek. Tyler dies, and the Narrator ceases mentally projecting him. Project Mayhem members bring a kidnapped Marla to the building. Holding hands, the Narrator and Marla watch as the explosives detonate, collapsing buildings around them.

Memorable Quotes From Fight Club

1. “Advertising Has Us Chasing Cars And Clothes, Working Jobs We Hate So We Can Buy Shit We Don’t Need.”

2. “The Things You Own End Up Owning You.”

3. “You Met Me At A Very Strange Time In My Life.”

4. “The First Rule Of Fight Club Is: You Do Not Talk About Fight Club. The Second Rule Of Fight Club Is: You Do Not Talk About Fight Club.”

5. “In Tyler We Trusted.”

6. “You Are Not Special. You Are Not A Beautiful Or Unique Snowflake. You Are The Same Decaying Organic Matter As Everything Else.”

7. “A Condom Is The Glass Slipper Of Our Generation.”

8. “I Am Jack’s Complete Lack Of Surprise.”

9. “When You Have Insomnia, You’re Never Really Asleep…And You’re Never Really Awake.”

10. “First, You’ve Gotta Know – Not Fear, Know – That Someday, You’re Gonna Die.”

11. “It’s Only After We’ve Lost Everything That We’re Free To Do Anything.”

12. “I Want You To Hit Me As Hard As You Can.”

13. “If You Aren’t On Your Way To Becoming A Vet In Six Weeks, You Will Be Dead.”

14. “This Is Your Life, And It’s Ending One Minute At A Time.”

Tyler Durden Philosophy

You’re not a beautiful, unique snowflake. You’re the same decaying organic matter as everything else.”

Review

The reason Fight Club is so easy to misunderstand is that Fincher beautifully sets up both the narrator’s depression and Tyler’s appeal. The narrator is a victim of capitalism, unable to forge real human connections so instead he fills his life with stuff. Tyler represents “freedom” from the modern world. The fight clubs in the movie could very well be a metaphor for drug abuse. It’s something you are drawn into, it’s secretive, it consumes your life and gives your life focus. It gives you a euphoric feeling, and then devours you. “Really, it’s a metaphor.” Sure, it’s literal anarchy for a while, but after that, it has a purpose: Durden wants to blow up the credit card companies, undo the American Dream, and set everyone free from their debt. A rare film that challenges the viewer to come up with his own interpretations.

Rating

5 / 5

CAST

  • Edward Norton, Brad Pitt, Helena Bonham Carter, Meat Loaf, Jared Leto

DIRECTOR

  • David Fincher

DISTRIBUTOR

  • 20th Century Fox

Here is the trailer of fight club.

Here is the link to stream Fight Club on Amazon Prime.

Weekend motivational movie: Whiplash

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PLOT SUMMARY

Andrew Neiman (Miles Teller) is an ambitious young jazz drummer, in pursuit of rising to the top of his elite music conservatory. Terence Fletcher (J.K. Simmons), an instructor known for his terrifying teaching methods, discovers Andrew and transfers the aspiring drummer into the top jazz ensemble, forever changing the young man’s

Summary


A first-year jazz student at the Shaffer Conservatory in New York [said to be the best in the US, a fiction again] Andrew Neiman is a brilliant drummer. He has been playing the skins since he was a small kid and adores the technique of greats like Buddy Rich. Terrence Fletcher is a jazz conductor who is more of a teacher with a uniquely brutal method of ‘teaching’. He gives his core drummer a break and asks Andrew to sit in on the drum stool after he hears Andrew play one day. However, Andrew’s excitement at playing as part of the core band is quickly cut short when Fletcher hurls a chair at Andrew from across the room during a take of Whiplash, a Hank Levy jazz composition. Fletcher then proceeds to humiliate Andrew for, not keeping his tempo, slapping his face on both sides, and asking him if he too slow a player or too fast.

Not to be outdone, Andrew is undaunted and goes back to the practice room to keep at it till his hands bleed. When not practicing, he goes to movies with his dad, for whom Andrew is the most important person in the world. At that same movie theater, he meets Nicole (Benoit) who handles the food stall at the cinema. After a good day of the practice session, he gathers up the courage to ask Nicole out and she accepts. they go out for pizza and coke and the two hit it off. Before this, Andrew had managed to impress Fletcher in a big way by performing Whiplash from memory after misplacing the core drummer Carl’s (Lang) sheet music. But when Andrew’s hopes get high, Fletcher replaces him with his former class member Ryan (Austin Stowell). Andrew, in his dedication to drumming, will break up with Nicole later on.


One day during practice, Fletcher takes a call and is seen as dejected after that. We learn that a fantastic former student of his, Sean Casey, has died in a car accident. They start rehearsing another composition called Caravan. Ryan fails with the tempo and Fletcher asks Andrew to sit in. He too gets the tempo wrong. Carl is then asked to sit in, with the same result. The entire class is asked to keep practicing till they get the song right. It is not until 2 am that they stagger out of the studio, exhausted.
Fletcher tells them to get ready for a jazz competition out of town the very next day and not to be late for it. After Andrew’s bus breaks down, he rents a car and arrives late, forgetting his drumsticks in the car rental showroom. He rushes back after a confrontation with Fletcher and retrieves the drumsticks. But in his rush to drive back, his car is hit by a truck on the driver’s side. Bleeding and battered, torn and frayed, he crawls from the wreckage and arrives on stage badly injured. Unable to play and dropping his drumsticks, Fletcher tells him he is out of the band.


Enraged, Andrew kicks away the bass drums and lunges for Fletcher in front of the audience, taking him down and repeatedly screaming at Fletcher “I’ll kill you!”

Not surprisingly, Andrew is expelled from Shaffer. He loses interest in drumming and takes another job. A lawyer representing the parents of the deceased Sean Casey explains to Andrew and his dad that Sean hanged himself and was not killed in a car crash, as Fletcher had lied to the students about earlier. Casey suffered anxiety and depression after joining Fletcher’s class. Casey’s parents, the lawyer explained, were too poor to pursue charges, but she said that if Andrew agrees to testify, Fletcher will never teach again. He agrees and, as a result, Fletcher is fired.


Sometime later, Andrew happens to see Fletcher performing at a jazz club. Fletcher asks Andrew to have a drink with him and Fletcher explains why he pushes his students too much – that it would be a “crime” to deprive the world of the next Charlie Parker, who was also pushed the same way. When Parker made a mistake on stage, a cymbal was flung at him. Instead of being discouraged, Parker played the solo of his life on the saxophone the next day, which made him who he was.
At the end of the evening, he invites Andrew to perform at a festival concert with his band. Andrew agrees after a bit and telephones Nicole, apologizing to her and asking her to come. She tells him she has a new boyfriend and turns him down.
Before the show, Fletcher tells the band that the audience at Carnegie Hall [where they are playing the JVC festival] consists of music bigwigs who can make or break their careers, depending on how they play so they should be flawless. When Andrew takes his seat at the drums, Fletcher tells him that he knows that Andrew had testified. In revenge, Fletcher leads the band in a new piece called Upswinging that Andrew was not given sheet music for. Andrew has no chance in hell of playing along and realization dawns on him that this was Fletcher’s revenge – to screw up Andrew’s career as well. Andrew leaves the stage humiliated and gets a hug from his dad. But he then returns, takes the chair, and crashes into a flawless version of Caravan, insultingly interrupting Fletcher mid-speech. The band joins in and Fletcher has no option but to follow suit. Andrew finishes off with a mind-blowing drum solo and it is this performance that earns Fletcher’s nod of approval. Andrew has now ‘arrived’.

Review

It teaches you about motivation if you really want to be something or want to achieve something in your life to give your sweet and blood in it. This movie is not actually about drumming and not even a mentor student relationship; just two different people and their commitment to achieve the best results by going to any extend. Brilliant but very intense drama about passion and perfection – Mature audiences only! This movie tells the story behind to achieve success through suffering.

Ratings

3.5 / 5

Here is the trailer of Whiplash.

Here is the link to stream Whiplash.

Avian influenza (H5N1)

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Avian influenza (H5N1) or bird flu has been detected in samples of dead crows sent to the Madhya Pradesh state lab and has been identified as the cause behind the death of hundreds of migratory birds in Himachal Pradesh.

The four states of Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh declared on Tuesday, 5 January that they are on high alert against bird flu.

Around 100 crows died in Mandsaur, MP between 23 December and 3 January. The local medical team has been asked to conduct surveillance within 1 km of the infected area, reported ANI.

“An alert has been sounded in Madhya Pradesh to control the deaths of crows in the state. Between 23 December and 3 January, 142 crows died in Indore, 100 in Mandsaur, 112 in Agar Malwa and 13 crows died in Khargone districts.”

Himachal Pradesh: #Kangra District administration takes several precautionary measures after over 2,300 migratory birds recently died in Pong Dam found infected with #birdflu.

Bird flu is a highly infectious and severe respiratory disease in birds caused by the H5N1 influenza virus, which can occasionally infect humans as well. In Himachal Pradesh, around 1,800 migratory birds, most of them bar-headed geese, have been found dead in the Pong Dam Lake sanctuary.

Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife) Archana Sharma said the laboratory at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute in Bareilly detected avian influenza in the samples of dead birds, while citing the information conveyed by the Centre. At the same time, she said that her department was awaiting confirmation by the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD), Bhopal, as it was the nodal body for testing this disease.

Bird flu is a highly infectious and severe respiratory disease in birds caused by the H5N1 influenza virus, which can occasionally infect humans as well. In Himachal Pradesh, around 1,800 migratory birds, most of them bar-headed geese, have been found dead in the Pong Dam Lake sanctuary.

Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife) Archana Sharma said the laboratory at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute in Bareilly detected avian influenza in the samples of dead birds, while citing the information conveyed by the Centre. At the same time, she said that her department was awaiting confirmation by the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD), Bhopal, as it was the nodal body for testing this disease.

Northern Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory in Jalandhar has also suspected avian influenza in the bird samples, she added. Kangra District Magistrate Rakesh Prajapati has prohibited slaughtering, sale, purchase, and export of any poultry, birds, fish of any breed and their related products, including eggs, meat, chicken, etc, in Fatehpur, Dehra, Jawali, and Indora subdivisions of the district. Exercising his powers under Sections 34 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005, the official said that shops selling these products would also remain closed in these four subdivisions. Prajapati also banned the movement of locals and tourists within a kilometer radius of Pong Dam.


Bird Flu Confirmed in Dead Migratory Birds in Himachal; Outbreak Reported in Four States Now
As some parts of Kerala too reported the influenza outbreak, authorities have ordered culling of ducks, hens and other domestic birds within one km radius of the affected areas in Kottayam and Alappuzha districts.
Bird Flu Confirmed in Dead Migratory Birds in Himachal; Outbreak Reported in Four States Now
Image for representational purpose.


Himachal Pradesh on Monday became the fourth state to report cases of bird flu after Rajasthan, Kerala and Madhya Pradesh, with officials confirming that migratory birds found dead at Pong Dam Lake in Kangra district have tested positive for the dreaded avian influenza. In Rajasthan, deaths of more than 170 new birds were reported from some districts on Monday, taking the total fatalities in recent days to over 425. “Bird flu has been confirmed only in Jhalawar (district). Report of other deaths is yet to come,” according to the state animal husbandry department.

As some parts of Kerala too reported the influenza outbreak, authorities have ordered culling of ducks, hens and other domestic birds within one km radius of the affected areas in Kottayam and Alappuzha districts. Officials said some 40,000 birds will have to be culled to check the spread of the H5N8 virus. A farm in Kerala’s Kottayam has recently seen deaths of around 1,500 ducks due to bird flu recently.

Bird flu is a highly infectious and severe respiratory disease in birds caused by the H5N1 influenza virus, which can occasionally infect humans as well. In Himachal Pradesh, around 1,800 migratory birds, most of them bar-headed geese, have been found dead in the Pong Dam Lake sanctuary.

Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife) Archana Sharma said the laboratory at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute in Bareilly detected avian influenza in the samples of dead birds, while citing the information conveyed by the Centre. At the same time, she said that her department was awaiting confirmation by the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD), Bhopal, as it was the nodal body for testing this disease.

Northern Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory in Jalandhar has also suspected avian influenza in the bird samples, she added. Kangra District Magistrate Rakesh Prajapati has prohibited slaughtering, sale, purchase and export of any poultry, birds, fish of any breed and their related products, including eggs, meat, chicken, etc, in Fatehpur, Dehra, Jawali and Indora subdivisions of the district. Exercising his powers under Sections 34 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005, the official said that shops selling these products would also remain closed in these four subdivisions. Prajapati also banned the movement of locals and tourists within a kilometre radius of Pong Dam.

In Himachal’s Pong Dam Lake wildlife sanctuary, wildlife staff first reported the sudden death of four bar-headed geese and one common teal in the Fatehpur area last Monday. The next day, over four hundred migratory waterfowl were found dead in Majhar, Bathari, Sihal, Jagnoli, Chatta, Dhameta and Kuthera areas in the wildlife ranges of Dhameta and Nagrota. Subsequently, hundreds of more birds were found dead each day, totalling 1,773 till Sunday, she said.

She said that more than 90 per cent of the dead birds were bar-headed geese, the most common migratory species at the lake who arrive here from Central Asia, Russia, Mongolia and other regions in winters after crossing the Himalayan ranges. There are eight-nine other bird species whose members have been found dead. Last year, more than one lakh migratory birds had camped at the lake by late January and this year, over 50,000 have arrived so far.

The dead birds are being disposed off as per bird-flu protocol, officials said, adding that no such deaths have been reported so far from other water bodies in the state. Wildlife, veterinary and animal husbandry staff across the state have been put on alert and asked to immediately report the death of any bird or animal. The Gopalpur zoo in Kangra which is situated near the Pong Lake has been put on high alert.

Recently, a bird flu alert has been sounded in Rajasthan after crows were found dead in half a dozen districts. Bird flu cases were also confirmed in dead crows in Indore in Madhya Pradesh. Bird flu virus was detected in around 50 crows whose carcasses were found in Indore in Madhya Pradesh last week, prompting authorities to issue an alert.

In Rajasthan, 80 bird deaths were reported in Bikaner on Sunday, 42 in Sawai Madhopur, 12 in Kota, 12 in Baran, eight each in Pali and Jaipur, six in Dausa, five in Jodhpur, and two in Jhalawar, according to the state animal husbandry department. The deaths have been reported in 15 districts of the state. Kerala, which saw the last major case of bird flu in 2016, has sounded a high alert in the affected districts considering the potential of the virus to infect humans, even though officials said that the situation was under control.

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A myth of having the true friend.

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Now a day, finding a true friend is hard, I mean really hard. I haven’t a true friend. I can say I know lots of people, but I cannot say they are my friends or any of them are my real true friend. 

We live in this fucking twenty-first century, where people are now machines, they do not have time for their loved ones even for themselves. 

A friend is some one who understand you, who I don’t have one. As I stated I know many people but I am afraid to call these people my friend. 

A friend who understands you, if they don’t they try to. Many things make someone a good friend and the definition of what makes a true friendship differs from person to person. 

Here are some qualities that make someone a friend that you’ll want to keep in your life a long time. 

There are many forms of friendship some of which may vary from place to place, certain characteristics include affection, kindness, love, virtue, sympathy, empathy, honesty, altruism, loyalty, generosity, forgiveness, mutual understanding, and compassion, enjoyment of each other’s company trust, and to ability to be oversell express one’s feeling to others, and make mistakes without fear of judgement from the friend. 

Friendship is an essential aspect of relationship building skills. 

I have watched friends television series few years back, sometimes I thought I have few friends just like Rachel, Monica, Phoebe, Joey, Ross where I will be there Chandler Bing. 

Most of the times I showed my sarcastic sense of humour in the conversation with people where I most of the times they become serious and asking about meaning of jokes which I sarcastically joke about something. 

But when I compare my real-life incidents with American television sitcom friend where Chandler Bing cracks sarcastic jokes his friends get it quickly and Joey takes time but eventually he also gets it which is least intelligent character comparing others. 

But in real life finding true friend and being like Chandler Bing to normal people seems like impossible. 

As they want simple jokes and people who know each others for some quiet time refer them as their friends. 

I have read somewhere the true friend is someone who has your back, no matter what. They watch out for you and ensure you are not in danger. 

They will never purposely lead you into making decisions that aren’t good for you. A true friend will always have your best interest at heart. 

True friend

One soul in two bodies. Two people who are so close that their actions and thought sync together, often thinking and saying the same things at the same time.

Very few people have blessings of a true friend which I do not have. 

Some times I talk to myself what is this loneliness. I don’t know, but I like to talk myself. I have my own version of Tyler Durden whom I called my true friend. Whom I rely that he never leaves me alone in my bad time and stays happy in my happier times.

He is not like so called friends which always remember me when they neigh favours, help, money help. I do not have a physical true friend, but I can proudly say I am very happy with my not physical friend whom I refer as Tyler Durden. 

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© Himanshu Singh, 2020

Tenet: A new masterpiece by Christopher Nolan.

Film synopsis

A secret agent embarks on a dangerous, time-bending mission to prevent the start of World War III.

Summary

A CIA agent, the “Protagonist”, participates in an undercover operation at a Kyiv opera house. His life is saved by a masked soldier with a distinctive trinket, who “un-fires” a bullet through a hostile gunman. After seizing an artifact, the Protagonist is captured by mercenaries. He endures torture before consuming cyanide. He awakens to learn the cyanide was a test of his loyalty; his team has been killed and the artifact lost.

The Protagonist is now employed by a secret organization called Tenet. A scientist shows him bullets with “inverted” entropy which allows them to move backwards through time. She believes they are manufactured in the future, and a weapon exists that can wipe out the past. Aided by a local contact, Neil, the Protagonist traces the bullet cartridges to arms dealer Priya Singh. He discovers she is a member of Tenet; her cartridges had been purchased and time-inverted by Russian oligarch Andrei Sator.

The Protagonist approaches Sator’s estranged wife Kat, an art appraiser who unknowingly sold Sator a forged Goya drawing. Sator uses the drawing to blackmail her and keep her under his control. The Protagonist plots to steal the drawing with Neil from a free port facility in Oslo Airport. There, they find a machine, a “turnstile”, and fend off two masked men. Priya explains that the turnstile can invert the entropy of objects and people, and the masked men were the same person.

In the Amalfi Coast, Kat introduces the Protagonist to Sator, but learns the drawing is intact. The three go boating and Kat attempts to drown Sator, but the Protagonist saves him. The Protagonist offers to help Sator retrieve a case he says contains Plutonium-241. In Tallinn, the Protagonist and Neil ambush an armoured convoy and steal the case, which contains the artifact lost in Kyiv. They are ambushed by an inverted Sator, who holds Kat hostage. The Protagonist gives Sator an empty case and he retreats. The Protagonist saves Kat, but is captured and taken to Sator’s warehouse.

The inverted Sator shoots Kat with an inverted round, while the normal Sator demands the location of the artifact; the Protagonist gives him false information. Tenet operatives led by Ives rescue the Protagonist while Sator escapes. The group take Kat through Sator’s turnstile to invert her, reversing the effect of the round. The Protagonist returns to the ambush site and chases Sator. His vehicle is overturned and Sator sets it on fire; the Protagonist is saved by Ives’ team again. Neil reveals he is a member of Tenet.

The Protagonist and Neil travel back in time to the free port in Oslo. There, the Protagonist fights his past self and enters the turnstile to revert himself, followed by Neil and Kat. Priya explains that the artifacts are parts of an “algorithm” Sator is assembling, capable of catastrophically inverting entropy.

Sator square, providing the film title, location of the opening sequence (Kyiv Opera), and character or firm names (A. Sator; Arepo the Goya forger; and Rotas Security in Oslo Freeport)
Kat reveals Sator is dying from pancreatic cancer. He will trigger the algorithm with a dead man’s switch, believing the world should die with him. Kat believes Sator will kill himself during their vacation in Vietnam when they were last happy together. The Protagonist, Neil, Kat, and the Tenet forces invert back to that day so Kat can delay Sator’s death while Tenet secures the algorithm.

Tenet tracks the assembled algorithm to Sator’s hometown of Stalsk-12 in Northern Siberia. In a “temporal pincer movement”, red team troops move forward in time, while the blue team troops move backward. The Protagonist and Ives are aided by a masked corpse with a trinket on its backpack that returns to life. In Vietnam, Kat boards Sator’s yacht and kills him as the Protagonist and Ives secure the algorithm.

The Protagonist, Neil, and Ives break up the algorithm and part ways. The Protagonist notices a trinket on Neil’s rucksack. Neil reveals he was recruited by the Protagonist years earlier, and this mission is the end of a long friendship. Priya attempts to have Kat assassinated, but is killed by the Protagonist, who has realized he is the future mastermind behind Tenet.

Review.

It’s the rare action film where the characters don’t just say the world will end if they fail in their mission – you feel it, too.

David Washington is rock-solid in the lead role. Robert Pattinson brings his A-game.

Robert Pattinson puts in a truly electrifying turn.

Spectacular – Mind-Bending – Complex.
A visual feast meant to be watched on big screens. Another Narrative from Christopher Nolan that confuses you big time. Tenet is a glorious outing where physics trumps philosophy, and viewers are motivated to weigh in on the concepts of fate and reality and revisit those of time-travel.

A highly-recommended film for audiences if they want to be left thinking for more and a visual extravaganza at its finest!

Tenet is now playing cinema theatre near you.

Third world country.

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When people talk about the poorest or underdeveloped countries of the world, they often refer to them with the general term Third World, and they think everybody knows what they are talking about. The term Third World was originally coined in times of the Cold War to distinguish those nations that are neither aligned with the West (NATO) nor with the East, the Communist bloc. Today the term is often used to describe the developing countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America and Oceania.

Third World countries included nations in Asia and Africa that were not aligned with either the United States or the Soviet Union. Now, in part because the Soviet Union no longer exists, the definition of Third World is outdated and considered offensive.

India is considered to be a Third World country and is also a developing country today. India has a high poverty rate, corruption, an outdated caste system, and other significant issues that have stunted its development.

A developing country (or a low and middle-income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), medium-industrialized country or underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base (industries) and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. 

However, this definition is not universally agreed upon. There is also no clear agreement on which countries fit this category. A nation’s GDP per capita, compared with other nations, can also be a reference point. In general, the United Nations accepts any country’s claim of itself being “developing”.

The term “developing” describes a currently observed situation and not a changing dynamic or expected progress direction. Since the late 1990s, developing countries tended to demonstrate higher growth rates than developed countries.

Developing countries tend to have some characteristics in common. For example, with regards to health risks, they commonly have: low levels of access to safe drinking watersanitation and hygieneenergy poverty; high levels of pollution (e.g. air pollutionindoor air pollutionwater pollution); high proportion of people with tropical and infectious diseases (neglected tropical diseases); a high number of road traffic accidents; and generally poor infrastructure.

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Often, there is also widespread poverty, low education levels, inadequate access to family planning services, many informal settlementscorruption at all government levels, and a lack of so-called good governanceGlobal warming (climate change) is expected to impact developing countries more than wealthier countries, as most of them have a high “climate vulnerability“.

About a third of the world lives on less than $2 a day. The poorest half of the world – 3.5 billion people – own only 0.71% of the world’s wealth between them. A billion people live in chronic hunger.

Developing countries are countries that have a low standard living; these countries usually have a low gross national income per capita even though they are in an economical development. They also have a high gross domestic product per capita. Another economic measure is also industrialization.

However, there is a set of common characteristics of underdeveloped economies such as low per capita income, low levels of living, high rate of population growth, illiteracy, technical backwardness, capital deficiency, dependence on backward agriculture, high level of unemployment, unfavourable institutions and so on.

These countries often accrue a copious amount of debt from foreign countries because of the constant aid they need from other countries to keep their economy afloat and provide some financial stability to the citizens of the country.

The definition of a third world country has evolved from the political meaning during the Cold War to the economic meaning of today. Today’s meaning refers to countries that are in financial trouble and need help from other countries to keep their economy sustainable, at least for a short time. 

“Third World” remains the most common of the original designations, but its meaning has changed from “non-aligned” and become more of a blanket term for the developing world. Since it’s partially a relic of the Cold War, many modern academics consider the “Third World” label to be outdated. Terms such as “developing countries” and “low and lower-middle-income countries” are now often used in its place.

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A story of lost soul of 27 years old.

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This story is about a man who is twenty-seven years old and still unknown about the fact that he needs in his life and what it is his goal that he wants to achieve in his life.

When he in his teenage he wants to achieve so many things in the world. He wants to make a difference and change the world with his style and he partially takes some initiative for social awareness among people to fight against the social evils in the society however you can say while changing society and fighting against social evils.

Society has changed him, he is stuck in the same system in which society runs by the elite community. He wants to become an actor but belongs to a middle-class family whom he has to support his family during the financial crisis in the family so after graduation he gets a job in a corporate company where he thinks at first he will work on weekdays and attend acting classes on weekends.

Which he only thinks and which never becomes a true reality as once he entered the corporate world he didn’t know that the corporate environment is going to suck him.

He has to work on Saturdays as well and occasionally on Sundays as well. He was just twenty-two years old when he wants to become an actor and started a job to support his family and thinking in mind that he will carry on with acting course in week offs which is still an illusion after five years now he is twenty-seven and question with himself what will happen next in his life.

He is a little disappointed, frustrated, and annoyed with the life he is living where he cannot achieve his dreams and goals that he wanted to achieve in his life.

If we talk about the youth these days around the world you can see most are unskilled labor. They are doing the work against their wills and not found of work which they are working on the Corporate offices.

They are sitting over there just assuming to thinking about when the shift will end and they will leave for their home and in their sleep, they will unhappily thinking about that they have to wake up tomorrow again to go to the office where he is just working as others people are working against their wills just for making money for their bread and butter.

My point is today we do not have creative minds, artists, philosophers, thinkers, reformers, believers in high numbers as these people are working somewhere in the Corporate offices making presentations for their companies project wasting their talent where they cannot utilize their hundred percent.

And the story I began with the man who is 27 years old is one of them. Which is also an unskilled labor like other creative minds, artists, philosophers, thinkers, reformers, believer people who are working somewhere in the corporate.

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© Himanshu Singh, 2020